AboutKidsHealth for Teens

 

 

ContraceptionCContraceptionContraceptionEnglishAdolescent;Prevention;PregnancyTeen (13-18 years)BodyReproductive system;Endocrine systemHealthy living and preventionTeen (13-18 years)NA2021-10-19T04:00:00Z48.500000000000010.1000000000000245.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Contraception is used to prevent pregnancy. Learn about the different types of contraception including how they work and how you can get them.</p><div class="callout2"><h2>We want to hear from you!</h2><p>AboutKidsHealth is trying to improve the information and education we provide young people (aged 12-18) and families through our website. After reading this article, please take 5 minutes to complete our Adolsecent Health Learning Hub survey.</p> <button> <a class="redcap-survey" href="https://surveys.sickkids.ca/surveys/?s=XHD3EK3XD4">click here</a></button> </div><h2>What is contraception? </h2><p>Contraception, also known as birth control, is used to prevent <a href="/article?contentid=3987&language=english">pregnancy</a>. There are many different types of birth control that you and/or your partner can use. Whichever type of birth control you decide to use, the most important thing is to make sure you use it consistently, meaning every time you have sex. </p><h2>Confidentiality and consent</h2><p>Any conversation you have with your health-care provider is confidential, meaning they will not tell your parent, caregiver or anyone else. Confidentiality means to keep something private. To learn more about confidentiality, read the article "What is confidentiality?".</p><p>You do not need consent (permission) from your parent or caregiver to get a prescription for contraception or to buy it from a store. To learn more about consent and capacity, read the article "Consent and capacity in health care".</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Contraception, sometimes called birth control, is used to prevent pregnancy.</li><li>There are different types of contraception including hormonal, such as birth control pills and implants, and non-hormonal, such as condoms and other barrier devices.</li><li>Withdrawal and abstinence methods are risky when used as the only form of contraception.</li><li>Emergency contraception can be used if you had unprotected sex, you missed a birth control pill, you think your contraception may have failed or you had non-consensual sex.</li><li>It is important to remember that only condoms will protect against STIs.</li></ul><h2>Resources</h2><p><a href="https://www.sexandu.ca/contraception/">Sex & U</a></p><p><a href="https://youngwomenshealth.org/">Center for Young Women's Health</a></p><p><a href="https://youngmenshealthsite.org/">Young Men's Health</a></p>

 

 

 

 

Contraception3988.00000000000ContraceptionContraceptionCEnglishAdolescent;Prevention;PregnancyTeen (13-18 years)BodyReproductive system;Endocrine systemHealthy living and preventionTeen (13-18 years)NA2021-10-19T04:00:00Z48.500000000000010.1000000000000245.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Contraception is used to prevent pregnancy. Learn about the different types of contraception including how they work and how you can get them.</p><div class="callout2"><h2>We want to hear from you!</h2><p>AboutKidsHealth is trying to improve the information and education we provide young people (aged 12-18) and families through our website. After reading this article, please take 5 minutes to complete our Adolsecent Health Learning Hub survey.</p> <button> <a class="redcap-survey" href="https://surveys.sickkids.ca/surveys/?s=XHD3EK3XD4">click here</a></button> </div><h2>What is contraception? </h2><p>Contraception, also known as birth control, is used to prevent <a href="/article?contentid=3987&language=english">pregnancy</a>. There are many different types of birth control that you and/or your partner can use. Whichever type of birth control you decide to use, the most important thing is to make sure you use it consistently, meaning every time you have sex. </p><h2>Confidentiality and consent</h2><p>Any conversation you have with your health-care provider is confidential, meaning they will not tell your parent, caregiver or anyone else. Confidentiality means to keep something private. To learn more about confidentiality, read the article "What is confidentiality?".</p><p>You do not need consent (permission) from your parent or caregiver to get a prescription for contraception or to buy it from a store. To learn more about consent and capacity, read the article "Consent and capacity in health care".</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Contraception, sometimes called birth control, is used to prevent pregnancy.</li><li>There are different types of contraception including hormonal, such as birth control pills and implants, and non-hormonal, such as condoms and other barrier devices.</li><li>Withdrawal and abstinence methods are risky when used as the only form of contraception.</li><li>Emergency contraception can be used if you had unprotected sex, you missed a birth control pill, you think your contraception may have failed or you had non-consensual sex.</li><li>It is important to remember that only condoms will protect against STIs.</li></ul><h2>Types of contraception</h2><p>The best type of contraception to use might not be the same for everyone. A health-care provider can help you choose the best type for you. </p><h3>Hormonal contraception</h3><p>Hormonal contraception is made up of a combination of both estrogen and progestin or progestin only. These are the hormones that are naturally produced in a female body. The table below describes the options for hormonal contraception. They are organized in order from the most effective option to least effective. None of these methods will protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) so you still need to use a condom or other barrier protection during sex.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Contraception</th><th>What is it?</th><th>How does it work?</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Intrauterine contraception (IUC) – Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) </td><td><p>One of the most effective birth control options available.</p><p>A small T-shaped device inserted into the uterus by a health-care professional in a clinic.</p><p>Depending on the type, a LNG-IUS can stay inserted for 3-5 years before needing to be replaced.</p></td><td><p>LNG-IUS release the hormone progestin which makes the lining of the uterus thinner and makes cervical mucus thicker preventing pregnancy in multiple ways.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Contraceptive implant </td><td><p>One of the most effective birth control options available.</p><p>A small rod that sits just below the skin of the upper inner arm and releases progestin into the bloodstream.</p><p>The implant is placed by a health-care provider.</p><p>It is not visible under the skin.</p><p>It can stay in place for up to 3 years.</p></td><td><p>Progestin prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg each month.</p><p>Thickens the cervical mucus to prevent sperm from reaching the egg.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Combined oral contraceptive (COC) pill</td><td><p>Also known as the birth control pill.</p><p>Contains both estrogen and progestin.</p><p>Should be taken every day at the same time.</p><p>Each pack contains 21 hormone pills to be taken every day for 3 weeks. During the week of your period, you can either take the 7 placebo (inactive) pills in the pack or not take any pills.</p><p>There are also options to use the pill in an extended or continuous way safely.</p></td><td><p>Prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg each month.</p><p>Thickens the cervical mucus to prevent sperm from reaching the egg.</p><p>Changes the lining of the uterus to make implantation difficult.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Vaginal ring </td><td><p>A soft, flexible plastic ring inserted into the vagina. It releases estrogen and progestin for 3 weeks.</p><p>You usually cannot feel it once it’s in place.</p><p>You insert and remove the ring yourself.</p><p>It stays inside the vagina for 3 weeks, followed by 1 week without (during your period).</p><p>There are also options to use the ring in an extended or continuous way safely.</p></td><td><p>Prevents ovaries from releasing an egg; may thicken cervical mucus and thin uterine lining.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Contraceptive patch</td><td><p>A patch that sticks to your skin and continuously releases estrogen and progestin into your bloodstream.</p><p>Each patch is worn for 7 days. You wear a patch every week for 3 weeks and then take a week off (during your period).</p><p>Can be worn on the upper arms, back, stomach, or buttocks but not on the breasts.</p><p>There are also options to use the patch in an extended or continuous way safely.</p></td><td><p>Stops ovaries from releasing an egg; may thicken cervical mucus and thin uterine lining</p></td></tr><tr><td>Injectable contraception</td><td><p>Also known as a birth control shot.</p><p>Contains progestin, not estrogen.</p><p>Given 4 times a year as an injection into the upper arm or buttocks.</p></td><td><p>Progestin prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg, thickens cervical mucus and changes uterus lining.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Progestin-only pill (POP)</td><td><p>A type of birth control pill, sometimes called the "mini-Pill".</p><p>Should be taken every day at the same time.</p><p>Each pack contains 28 progestin pills to be taken every day.</p><p>Must be taken at the same time every day to be effective.</p></td><td><p>Prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg each month.</p><p>Thickens the cervical mucus to prevent sperm from reaching the egg.</p><p>Changes the lining of the uterus to make implantation difficult.</p></td></tr></tbody></table><h3>Non-hormonal contraception</h3><p>Non-hormonal methods of contraception usually involve creating a barrier between the sperm and the cervix or eggs. </p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Contraception</th><th>What is it?</th><th>How does it work?</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Intrauterine contraception (IUC) – Copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) </td><td><p>One of the most effective birth control options available.</p><p>A small T-shaped device inserted into the uterus by a health-care professional in a clinic.</p><p>Depending on the type, a Cu-IUD can stay inserted for 3-10 years before needing to be replaced.</p></td><td><p>Cu-IUDs release copper ions into the uterus. These change the fluids in the uterus and fallopian tubes, making them inhospitable for sperm (kills the sperm).</p></td></tr><tr><td>Male condoms</td><td><p>Worn over the penis during sexual intercourse or oral sex.</p><p>Available in different sizes, thinness, textures, colours and flavours.</p><p>Most are made of latex, but there are non-latex versions available that are also effective for reducing risk of pregnancy and STIs.</p></td><td><p>The condom should be put on before any skin-to-skin contact or mouth to penis contact.</p><p>It acts as a physical barrier, preventing the exchange of body fluids.</p><p>A new condom should be used every time you have sex. Never reuse a condom.</p><p>Protects against STIs.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Female condoms</td><td><p>Soft, loose-fitting sheath with two rings, one at each end.</p><p>Can be placed in the vagina up to 8 hours before sex.</p><p>A new condom should be used every time you have sex. Never reuse a condom.</p></td><td><p>The external ring sits outside the vagina while the internal ring at the closed end is inserted into the vagina, which helps to keep the condom in place.</p><p>Acts as a barrier, preventing contact between the vagina and sperm.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Sponge</td><td><p>A small disposable foam device containing a spermicide placed inside the vagina.<br></p><p>Can be inserted into the vagina up to 24 hours before sex.</p></td><td><p>Contraceptive provided by spermicide in sponge.</p><p>Absorbs, traps and destroys sperm.</p><p>Physical barrier to prevent sperm from entering the cervix.</p><p>Should be left in the vagina for at least 6 hours after sex but should not stay in for longer than 30 hours.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Cervical cap</td><td><p>A deep silicone cap that sits against the cervix to prevent sperm and bacteria from entering.</p><p>Used with special gel.</p><p>Can be inserted into the vagina up to 2 hours before sex.</p><p>You will need a prescription to buy a cervical cap.</p></td><td><p>Acts as a physical barrier between sperm and the cervix.</p><p>Should be used with a gel that stops or kills sperm.</p><p>Reapply gel for each repeated sex act or after 2 hours have passed.</p><p>Should be left in the vagina for at least 6 hours after sex but should not stay in for longer than 48 hours.</p></td></tr><tr><td>Diaphragm</td><td><p>A latex, silicone or nylon cap that covers the cervix.</p><p>Used with special gel .</p><p>Can be inserted into the vagina up to 2 hours before sex.</p></td><td><p>Acts as a physical barrier between sperm and the cervix.</p><p>Should be used with a gel that stops or kills sperm.</p><p>For repeated sex within the first 6 hours, gel should be inserted using an applicator (diaphragm should not be removed).</p><p>Should be left in the vagina for at least 6 hours after sex but should not stay in for longer than 24 hours.</p></td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Withdrawal</h2><p>Also known as the pull-out method. The penis is pulled out of the vagina and away from external genitalia before ejaculation. However, it’s possible for some fluid containing sperm to be released from the penis before pulling out. Pregnancy happens for 1 in 5 couples who rely on withdrawal as a form of contraception. Withdrawal doesn’t prevent STIs.</p><h2>Abstinence</h2><p>Abstinence means not having sex. Some partners may only abstain from vaginal sex to avoid pregnancy, but they still engage in other sexual acts. When used as a contraception method, both partners need to avoid any contact between the penis and the vagina and need to be careful not to have the pre-ejaculate or ejaculate come in close contact with the vagina or external genitalia. </p><h2>Emergency contraception</h2><p>Emergency contraception can be used if you’ve had unprotected sex, you missed a birth control pill, you think your contraception may have failed (e.g., condom broke) or you had non-consensual sex (sexual assault). </p><p>Emergency contraception is only meant for occasional use (emergencies) and should not be used as your main form of contraception. </p><p>There are 2 types of emergency contraception available: "morning after" pills and copper IUDs. Some morning after pills are available without a prescription. </p><h2>Resources</h2><p><a href="https://www.sexandu.ca/contraception/">Sex & U</a></p><p><a href="https://youngwomenshealth.org/">Center for Young Women's Health</a></p><p><a href="https://youngmenshealthsite.org/">Young Men's Health</a></p>