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ScoliosisScoliosisScoliosisSEnglishOrthopaedics/MusculoskeletalTeen (13-18 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years)Vertebrae;SpineMuscular system;Skeletal systemProceduresTeen (13-18 years)NA2008-06-01T04:00:00ZLanding PageLearning Hub<p>Learn what is involved in scoliosis surgery, what to expect when you are recovering and how to cope with your emotions, and your friends and family.</p><p>Learn what is involved in scoliosis surgery, what to expect when you are recovering and how to cope with your emotions, and your friends and family.</p><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Is scoliosis surgery for you?</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Read about factors to consider when deciding whether to have scoliosis surgery. These factors include age, growth, and the degree of the Cobb curve.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2783&language=English">Is scoliosis surgery for you?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2784&language=English">What does scoliosis look like?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2785&language=English">Deciding whether to have scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2786&language=English">Teens, parents, surgeons... who's thinking what?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2787&language=English">How did other teens decide?</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Your scoliosis surgery<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>This section will provide you with an introduction to scoliosis surgery. Find information about what will happen before, during and after surgery.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2788&language=English">Your scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2789&language=English">Preparing for scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2790&language=English">What to avoid before scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2791&language=English">What to do before scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2792&language=English">Arriving at the hospital for scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2793&language=English">During scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2794&language=English">Taming your hospital stay</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">After scoliosis surgery<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Every patient's recovery following scoliosis surgery is different. Read about what to expect immediately following an operation for scoliosis.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2795&language=English">Recovering after scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2796&language=English">Monitoring after scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2797&language=English">Hospital equipment</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2798&language=English">Personal care after scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2799&language=English">Leaving the hospital</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2800&language=English">Needing a brace after scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2801&language=English">FAQs for surgeons</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Recovery after scoliosis surgery</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn what to expect in the first few months after scoliosis surgery. Find information about physical changes and recovery. Also find suggestions for coping.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2802&language=English">The first few months after scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2803&language=English">Your incision scar, numbness and pain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2804&language=English">Changes in body shape and back movement</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2805&language=English">Coping with the changes</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Coping with your emotions about scoliosis surgery</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>When anticipating scoliosis surgery, there are a wide range of emotions to be felt. Read about fears, feelings and coping advice from other teens.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2806&language=English">Your emotions: Coping</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2807&language=English">Your emotions: Before scoliosis surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2808&language=English">Your emotions: In the hospital</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2809&language=English">Your emotions: At home</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Coping with your family and others after scoliosis surgery</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>When someone has scoliosis surgery, this will affect everyone around them including their family and friends. Also find suggestions for coping with school and work during this stressful time.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2810&language=English">Coping with your family</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2811&language=English">Your boyfriend or girlfriend</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2812&language=English">Your friends</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2813&language=English">School</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2814&language=English">Work</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2815&language=English">Who else needs to know?</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Personal stories</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Here are some personal stories from five teens that have gone through scoliosis surgery. They share what they felt about surgery and how they coped.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2816&language=English">Overview</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2820&language=English">Michelle's story</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2818&language=English">Katie's story</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2819&language=English">Kimberly's story</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2817&language=English">Adrian's story</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2821&language=English">Samantha's story</a></li></ol></div>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/who_gets_scoliosis.jpgScoliosisTeenScoliosisTeen
Kidney transplantKidney transplantKidney transplantKEnglishNephrology;TransplantTeen (13-18 years)KidneysRenal system/Urinary systemConditions and diseases;Non-drug treatmentTeen (13-18 years)NALanding Page (Overview)Learning Hub<p>​This hub offers information and advice for teens before, during and after kidney transplant surgery.<br></p><p>This hub offers information and tools to help teens understand what to expect before, during and after kidney transplant surgery. You will learn how you will be assessed for surgery and what to do while waiting for your transplant. You will also learn about adjusting to life with your new kidney, for example how to manage your medications, make healthy lifestyle choices, handle stress and make decisions that set you up for long-term success.<br></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/iStock-911030818.jpgkidneytransplantkidneytransplant
Liver transplantLiver transplantLiver transplantLEnglishGastrointestinal;TransplantTeen (13-18 years)LiverDigestive systemConditions and diseases;Non-drug treatmentTeen (13-18 years)NALanding Page (Overview)Learning Hub<p>​This hub offers information and advice for teens before, during and after liver transplant surgery.<br></p><p>This hub offers information and tools to help teens understand what to expect before, during and after liver transplant surgery. You will learn how you will be assessed for surgery and what to do while waiting for your transplant. You will also learn about adjusting to life with your new liver, for example how to manage your medications, make healthy lifestyle choices, handle stress and make decisions that set you up for long-term success.<br></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/anxiety_psychotherapy.jpglivertransplantlivertransplant
HemophiliaHemophiliaHemophiliaHEnglishHaematologyTeen (13-18 years);Child (0-12 years)NAArteries;VeinsConditions and diseasesTeen (13-18 years)NALanding PageLearning Hub<p>Learn how you can be more proactive about your own care. Learn about how hemophilia is treated, how to manage bleeds and transitioning to adult care.</p><p>Learn how you can be more proactive about your own care. Learn about how hemophilia is treated, how to manage bleeds and transitioning to adult care.</p><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Introduction</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>When you switch from a paediatric care to an adult care you will need to be more proactive about your care. Find information so that you can develop the self-management tools you need to take more responsibility over your hemophilia and make this transition easier for you.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3210&language=English">The impact of transition</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3211&language=English">Hemophilia and setting goals</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3257&language=English">Hemophilia and finding quality information</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3258&language=English">Hemophilia glossary</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">The basics of hemophilia</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn the basics of hemophilia including what it is, what causes it and how is it diagnosed. Also find information about the roles of different blood vessels in your body and what happens during a bleed. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3212&language=English">Understanding blood clotting</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3213&language=English">What causes hemophilia?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3214&language=English">Diagnosing hemophilia</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3215&language=English">What happens during a bleed?</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Hemophilia management</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Hemophilia treatment involves replacing the missing factor using injections. This way, you are supplying your blood with the factor it needs to form a blood clot and stop the bleed. Taking your factor as prescribed is a huge part of taking more responsibility in your hemophilia self-care. Learn how hemophilia therapy both treats and prevents bleeds and also find practical tips on infusing at home.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3216&language=English">Hemophilia management: A brief history</a></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treating hemophilia</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3217&language=English">Treating hemophilia</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3218&language=English">Understanding prophylaxis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3219&language=English">Hemophilia and factor replacement therapy</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Hemophilia at home</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3220&language=English">Self-infusion</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3221&language=English">Using a port</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3222&language=English">Hemophilia home therapy: Practical tips</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Managing bleeds</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>It is important to recognize bleeding as early as possible and treat it right away. Learn how to recognize bleeds and find information about the different types of bleeds and what happens when you have a bleed. Find information about accessing emergency care, how to care for a bleed and how to manage pain.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3223&language=English">Recognizing bleeds</a></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Types of bleeds</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3224&language=English">Types of bleeds</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3225&language=English">Bleeds to watch out for</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3226&language=English">Life-threatening bleeds</a></li></ol></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3227&language=English">Accessing emergency care</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3228&language=English">Supportive care for hemophilia: Using R.I.I.C.E.</a></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing pain</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3229&language=English">Managing pain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3230&language=English">Medicines for pain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3231&language=English">Complementary and alternative therapies</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3232&language=English">Relaxation and distraction</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Complications of hemophilia</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>The two main complications of hemophilia include joint disease and inhibitors. Learn about both of these complications and how they are diagnosed and treated.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Hemophilia and joint disease</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3233&language=English">Hemophilia and joint disease</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3234&language=English">Complications of joint disease in hemophilia: Arthritis and synovitis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3235&language=English">Diagnosing joint disease</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3236&language=English">Orthopaedic surgery</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3237&language=English">Physiotherapy to keep joints healthy</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Hemophilia and inhibitors</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3238&language=English">Hemophilia and inhibitors</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3239&language=English">Understanding inhibitors</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Hemophilia: Body and mind</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Find information about why it is important to have healthy lifestyle habits when you have hemophilia. This section also discusses relationships and gives you tips on how to talk to your significant other about your condition. Also find information about tattoos and piercings, alcohol, smoking and drugs and how they can interfere with your health.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3240&language=English">Hemophilia and keeping active</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3241&language=English">Hemophilia and everyday health care</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3242&language=English">Hemophilia and managing stress</a></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Relationships and hemophilia</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3243&language=English">Relationships and hemophilia</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3244&language=English">Hemophilia and sex</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Lifestyle choices and hemophilia</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3245&language=English">Lifestyle choices and hemophilia</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3246&language=English">Hemophilia, tattoos and piercings</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3247&language=English">Hemophilia and alcohol</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3248&language=English">Hemophilia and cigarette smoking</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3249&language=English">Hemophilia and drugs</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Transition of care</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Living with hemophilia means adjusting to an additional life change as you get older: learning to take care of your hemophilia on your own. This change is not immediate and can take several months or years. Find information to help you during this transition.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3250&language=English">Switching from paediatric care to adult care</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3251&language=English">Talking to health care professionals</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Looking ahead</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>As a young person living with hemophilia, you will encounter many life changes, for example you may decide to attend post-secondary school, start a new job or travel. Learn how hemophilia plays a role in all of these natural life transitions and find information and tips to help you.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Hemophilia and school</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3252&language=English">Hemophilia and school</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3253&language=English">School and lifestyle</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3254&language=English">Talking to others about your hemophilia</a></li></ol></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3255&language=English">Hemophilia and employment</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=3256&language=English">Hemophilia and travelling abroad</a></li></ol></div>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/getting_through_the_teen_years.jpgHemophiliaTeenHemophiliaTeen
JIAJIAJIAJEnglishNATeen (13-18 years)NANANATeen (13-15 years)NA2018-03-16T04:00:00ZLanding PageLearning Hub<p>The Taking Charge: Managing JIA Online Program provides teens with information on different types of JIA, managing symptoms, and coping with JIA management now and in the future.<br></p><p>The Taking Charge: Managing JIA Online Program provides teens with information on different types of JIA, managing symptoms, and coping with JIA management now and in the future.<br></p><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Getting started</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Welcome to the Taking Charge: Managing JIA Online Program! In this section you will learn what to expect in the program, how to get started and how to set goals to better manage JIA.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2550&language=English">Introduction: Goals of this session and getting started</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2551&language=English">Goal setting in JIA</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">About JIA<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>JIA stands for juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Find out what causes JIA, the different types of JIA and how it will affect you now and in the future.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2552&language=English">What is JIA?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2553&language=English">What causes JIA?</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Different types of JIA</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2554&language=English">Types of JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2555&language=English">Oligoarticular JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2556&language=English">Polyarticular JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2557&language=English">Systemic JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2558&language=English">Enthesitis-related JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2559&language=English">Psoriatic JIA</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Effects of JIA</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2560&language=English">How will JIA affect you?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2561&language=English">Complications of JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2562&language=English">Eye problems and JIA</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Diagnosis of JIA<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Diagnosing JIA may be difficult as joint pain and swelling may be a part of many different illnesses. Diagnosis of JIA typically includes a physical exam, blood tests and imaging studies.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Diagnostic tests</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2563&language=English">Diagnosing JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2564&language=English">Blood tests and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2565&language=English">Imaging tests and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2566&language=English">Bone scan and bone density and JIA</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Coping with diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2567&language=English">Coping with a JIA diagnosis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2568&language=English">Regular check-ups for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2569&language=English">Regular eye exams for JIA</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Managing symptoms<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Pain, stiffness, and tiredness or fatigue, are common symptoms of JIA. These symptoms can lead to difficulties with participating in school and sports activities, and enjoying time with your friends. Learn about pain, fatigue, and stiffness, how to manage symptoms and how these symptoms can cause stress.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing pain</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2570&language=English">What is pain?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2571&language=English">Medications for pain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2572&language=English">Physical methods to treat pain</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2573&language=English">Coping strategies for pain</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing fatigue</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2574&language=English">What is fatigue?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2575&language=English">Medications for fatigue</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2576&language=English">Physical methods to improve fatigue</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2577&language=English">Coping strategies for fatigue</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing stiffness</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2578&language=English">What is stiffness?</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing stress</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2579&language=English">What is stress?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2580&language=English">What causes stress?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2581&language=English">Symptoms of stress</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2582&language=English">Managing your stress</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Your plan for managing symptoms</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2583&language=English">Your plan for managing symptoms</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Coping strategies<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>There are several strategies you can use to help you cope with pain, stress, and sleep problems. These include relaxation, distraction, and managing your thoughts. In this section, learn more about how each of these strategies work.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Relaxation</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2584&language=English">What is relaxation?</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2585&language=English">Ways to relax</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2586&language=English">Relaxation with tension</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2587&language=English">Relaxation without tension</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2588&language=English">Mini relaxation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2589&language=English">Behaviour rehearsal</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Distraction</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2590&language=English">What is distraction?</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Managing your thoughts</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2591&language=English">Becoming aware of your thoughts</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2592&language=English">Changing unhelpful thoughts</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">JIA medications<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>When you know about your medications, you can talk to your doctor about them and make good choices for yourself. Find out about the different types of JIA medications, how they work, common side effects, and the importance of talking to your doctor about your medication plan.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2593&language=English">Overview of JIA medications</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2594&language=English">Taking JIA medications</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2595&language=English">Types of JIA medications</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2596&language=English">Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2597&language=English">Corticosteroids for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2598&language=English">Corticosteroid injections for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2599&language=English">Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2600&language=English">Biologic agents for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2601&language=English">Other questions about JIA medications</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Other types of care for JIA</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p> Did you know that there are many other therapies that you can use to manage JIA symptoms? They can help to prevent complications so that you can do all the things you want to do. In this section, learn more about physical, occupational, and psychological therapies; maintaining healthy nutrition; surgical options for JIA, and more.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Physiotherapy</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2602&language=English">Physiotherapy and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2603&language=English">Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and JIA</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Exercise and yoga</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2604&language=English">Exercise and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2605&language=English">Yoga</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2606&language=English">Basic yoga poses</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2607&language=English">Yoga poses for tension relief</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2608&language=English">Yoga poses for muscle strengthening</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Occupational therapy</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2610&language=English">Occupational therapy and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2611&language=English">Footwear and orthotics for JIA</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Other types of care</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2609&language=English">Nutrition and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2612&language=English">Psychological therapy and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2613&language=English">Complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) for JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2614&language=English">Surgical procedures and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2615&language=English">Eye care and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2616&language=English">Dental care and JIA</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Therapies, self-monitoring and supports</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Your role in making decisions about your treatment plan is very important. Your health-care team and other members of your support system are available to help you make these decisions. In turn, they can help you to manage your JIA. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2617&language=English">Getting the most from JIA treatments</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2618&language=English">Self-monitoring: How to recognize JIA symptoms</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2619&language=English">Getting the most from your support systems</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2620&language=English">Talking to your doctor</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2621&language=English">Speaking alone with your doctor</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2622&language=English">Talking to your teacher</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2623&language=English">Dealing with bullying</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Your lifestyle</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Whether you have JIA or not, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Find out how to stay healthy and active, learn about puberty and relationships, healthy body image, and making healthy lifestyle choices.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2624&language=English">Staying active</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2625&language=English">Eating healthy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2626&language=English">Getting enough sleep</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2627&language=English">Puberty, relationships and JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2628&language=English">Feeling good about yourself</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2629&language=English">Lifestyle choices and JIA</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Looking ahead</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Sometime between the ages of 18 to 22, you most likely will transition from your pediatric rheumatologist to the adult health care setting. At that time, there are a number of things you, your family, and your health-care team can do to help make this change go smoothly.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2630&language=English">Transitioning to adult health care</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2631&language=English">Birth control and pregnancy </a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2632&language=English">Moving on: Higher education</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2633&language=English">Moving on: Working</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2634&language=English">Maintaining your treatment program</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2635&language=English">Coping with symptoms, stress, flare-ups and setbacks</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2636&language=English">The future of JIA</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2637&language=English">JIA resources</a></li></ol></div> <br>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/encouraging_healthy_coping_behaviors_JIA_US.jpgjiateenhub