AboutKidsHealth for Teens

 

 

Surgery and cancerSSurgery and cancerSurgery and cancerEnglishOncologyPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years);Late Teen (16-18 years)BodyNANon-drug treatmentPre-teen (9-12 years) Teen (13-15 years) Late Teen (16-18 years)NA2019-09-03T04:00:00Z8.3000000000000063.1000000000000934.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>What is surgery?</h2><p>Surgery is another name for an operation. Generally, a person has surgery to either have a piece of tissue taken out of the body or to have something placed or repaired inside the body. </p><p>There are many different types of surgery. Some are less complicated and take less time to recover from. These are often called procedures. Others are more complicated operations and recovery can take much longer. During surgery you’ll be given an <a href="/Article?contentid=3809&language=English">anaesthetic</a> (say: AN-us-theh-tik), a drug to either put you to sleep during an operation or to keep you comfortable during a procedure. </p><p>No matter what kind of surgery you are having, it’s normal to feel anxious or afraid. Understanding a bit about what’s going to happen can help you feel a bit more prepared. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or nurse.</p>
La chirurgie et le cancerLLa chirurgie et le cancerSurgery and cancerFrenchOncologyPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years);Late Teen (16-18 years)BodyNANon-drug treatmentPre-teen (9-12 years) Teen (13-15 years) Late Teen (16-18 years)NA2019-09-03T04:00:00Z000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>Qu'est-ce que la chirurgie?</h2> <p>La chirurgie est une autre manière de désigner une opération. Une personne subit habituellement une chirurgie pour qu'une partie des tissus soit retirée du corps, pour y insérer quelque chose ou pour réparer l'intérieur du corps.</p> <p>Il existe de nombreux types de chirurgie. Certaines sont moins compliquées et exigent moins de temps pour le rétablissement. On les appelle souvent des procédures. D'autres sont plus compliquées et exigent une période de rétablissement plus longue. Pendant la chirurgie, on te donnera un anesthésique, un médicament pour t'endormir durant l'intervention ou pour te maintenir à l'aise pendant une procédure.</p> <p>Indépendamment du type de chirurgie que tu devras subir, l'anxiété et la peur sont des sentiments normaux. Mieux comprendre ce qui arrivera t'aidera à te préparer davantage. Si tu as des questions, pose-les à ton médecin ou à l'infirmier.</p>

 

 

 

 

Surgery and cancer3477.00000000000Surgery and cancerSurgery and cancerSEnglishOncologyPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years);Late Teen (16-18 years)BodyNANon-drug treatmentPre-teen (9-12 years) Teen (13-15 years) Late Teen (16-18 years)NA2019-09-03T04:00:00Z8.3000000000000063.1000000000000934.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>What is surgery?</h2><p>Surgery is another name for an operation. Generally, a person has surgery to either have a piece of tissue taken out of the body or to have something placed or repaired inside the body. </p><p>There are many different types of surgery. Some are less complicated and take less time to recover from. These are often called procedures. Others are more complicated operations and recovery can take much longer. During surgery you’ll be given an <a href="/Article?contentid=3809&language=English">anaesthetic</a> (say: AN-us-theh-tik), a drug to either put you to sleep during an operation or to keep you comfortable during a procedure. </p><p>No matter what kind of surgery you are having, it’s normal to feel anxious or afraid. Understanding a bit about what’s going to happen can help you feel a bit more prepared. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or nurse.</p><h2>Why might I have surgery?</h2><p>Surgery is a common part of treating the types of cancers that form tumours. However, not all tumours are treated with surgery. It depends on where the tumour is located and whether the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. </p><p>Surgery can be used to:</p><ul><li>diagnose or identify the stage of cancer, for example through a <a href="/Article?contentid=3440&language=English">biopsy</a></li><li>treat cancer, for example removing a tumour that is limited to one part of the body </li><li>treat cancer alongside other kinds of treatment such as radiation and chemotherapy </li><li>put in central lines, or ports, that you need for chemotherapy</li><li>repair a part of the body that was damaged by cancer or cancer treatment</li></ul><h2>Who performs cancer surgery?</h2><p>A surgeon is a doctor who is specially trained to perform surgery. Surgeons are often specialists in one type of surgery. The kind of surgeon you have will depend on the type of surgery you need.</p><p>Central lines and ports may be placed by an interventional radiologist using image guided therapy. Biopsies may also be done by an interventional radiologist.</p><h2>What will happen?</h2><p>Your surgeon and your health-care team will explain the surgery to you and your parent/caregiver. They will explain what you can expect as well as the risks and benefits of having the surgery. You and/or your parent/caregiver will need to give your <a href="/Article?contentid=3470&language=English">consent</a> by signing a form.</p><h2>Before surgery</h2><p>You may need to spend the night before the surgery in the hospital. You won’t be able to eat or drink anything (not even water) for several hours before the surgery. An empty stomach lowers the risk that you may vomit (throw up) during anaesthesia, which could cause you to aspirate or choke, and damage the lungs.</p><p>When it’s time for the surgery, you will change into a gown and be brought down to the waiting room. Here you might receive some medication to help you relax and feel sleepy. Your parent/caregiver or someone else close to you, such as your boyfriend or girlfriend, can sometimes come with you to wait outside the operating room.</p><h2>In the operating room</h2><p>Inside the operating room all of the doctors and nurses wear special clothes, including hats and masks. This is to keep the operating room completely clean and free of germs. You will be attached to machines so that doctors and nurses can carefully monitor your heart rate, blood pressure and breathing during the surgery to keep you safe. The anaesthesiologist (say: AN-us-thee-zee-ol-uh-jist) is the specially-trained doctor who will give you an anaesthetic. Most surgeries are done using medications such as a <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1261&language=English">general anaesthetic</a>. This will put you completely to sleep so you won’t feel or remember the surgery. The anaesthesiologist will watch you carefully to make sure that you stay asleep the whole time.</p><h2>After surgery</h2><p>After surgery you will go to the Post-Anaesthetic Care Unit (PACU) or recovery room to wake up. A nurse will carefully monitor your heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing and will look after the part of your body that had the surgery. You will have medication for pain. You will have an IV that will give your body fluids and energy until you can eat and drink again. </p><p>A special bandage called a dressing will cover your incision (where the cut was made). The nurses will change the dressing and check the incision to make sure it is healing properly. </p><p>After you wake up from the anaesthetic you will either go back to the unit or you’ll be able to go home. You will be able to visit with your family or some friends when you feel up to it. </p><p>You will learn more about <a href="/Article?contentid=3480&language=English">symptoms</a> you may experience after surgery in the following sections. </p><h2>Surgery and uncertainty</h2><p>Even though you’ve had <a href="/Article?contentid=3442&language=English">scans </a>before the surgery, they don’t always show a perfect picture. So your surgeon may not know exactly what they’re going to find until they’re able to look inside your body. For this reason, your surgeon may not be able to tell you and your family exactly how the surgery will go beforehand. For example, you may not know until after the surgery whether the surgeon was able to remove the whole tumour or only a part of it.</p><p>Even if the whole tumour is removed with surgery, there is still the possibility that some cancer cells may have metastasized (spread) into another part of your body. These cells may be too small to be seen with a scan. For this reason, other treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation are used before or after surgery. You may not be sure whether the cancer is completely gone for some time. </p><p>Waiting to know whether surgery has successfully treated your cancer can be really stressful! Take a look at the sections on <a href="/Article?contentid=3537&language=English">managing stress and emotions</a>, <a href="/Article?contentid=3546&language=English">distraction</a> and <a href="/Article?contentid=3540&language=English">relaxation</a> to learn more about recognizing and handling stress. <br></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Surgery_and_cancer.jpg