AboutKidsHealth for Teens

 

 

Bone marrow tests and cancerBBone marrow tests and cancerBone marrow tests and cancerEnglishOncologyPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years);Late Teen (16-18 years)BodySkeletal systemTestsPre-teen (9-12 years) Teen (13-15 years) Late Teen (16-18 years)NA2019-09-03T04:00:00Z6.3000000000000076.7000000000000565.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>Fast facts about bone marrow tests</h2><ul><li>These tests examine your bone marrow.</li><li>Bone marrow is made of spongy bone and liquid and is found inside big bones such as your pelvis (hip bones). Bone marrow is where your blood cells are made.</li><li>These tests help doctors diagnose cancers of the blood such as leukemia or lymphoma or to see whether a different type of cancer has metastasized (spread) to your bone marrow.</li><li>Usually the sample of bone marrow comes from your pelvis.</li></ul>
Examens de la moelle osseuse et le cancerEExamens de la moelle osseuse et le cancerBone marrow tests and cancerFrenchOncologyPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years);Late Teen (16-18 years)BodySkeletal systemTestsPre-teen (9-12 years) Teen (13-15 years) Late Teen (16-18 years)NA2019-09-03T04:00:00Z000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>Faits éclairs sur les examens de la moelle osseuse</h2> <ul> <li>Ces examens servent à vérifier ta moelle osseuse.</li> <li>La moelle osseuse se compose d'os spongieux et de liquide. On la retrouve à l'intérieur des os de grande taille comme ceux de ton bassin (les os iliaques). Tes cellules sanguines sont fabriquées par la moelle osseuse.</li> <li>Les examens de la moelle osseuse aident les médecins à diagnostiquer les cancers du sang comme la leucémie ou le lymphome ou à vérifier si un autre type de cancer s'est disséminé (métastasé) dans ta moelle.</li> <li>L'échantillon de moelle osseuse provient habituellement de ton bassin.</li> </ul>

 

 

 

 

Bone marrow tests and cancer3441.00000000000Bone marrow tests and cancerBone marrow tests and cancerBEnglishOncologyPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-15 years);Late Teen (16-18 years)BodySkeletal systemTestsPre-teen (9-12 years) Teen (13-15 years) Late Teen (16-18 years)NA2019-09-03T04:00:00Z6.3000000000000076.7000000000000565.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>Fast facts about bone marrow tests</h2><ul><li>These tests examine your bone marrow.</li><li>Bone marrow is made of spongy bone and liquid and is found inside big bones such as your pelvis (hip bones). Bone marrow is where your blood cells are made.</li><li>These tests help doctors diagnose cancers of the blood such as leukemia or lymphoma or to see whether a different type of cancer has metastasized (spread) to your bone marrow.</li><li>Usually the sample of bone marrow comes from your pelvis.</li></ul><p>There are two main types of bone marrow tests.</p><ul><li>Bone marrow aspiration: In this test, the doctor will use a needle to take out (aspirate) some of your liquid bone marrow. </li><li>Bone marrow biopsy: In this test, the doctor will use a needle to take very tiny pieces of your spongy bone marrow. </li></ul><p>Sometimes you only need an aspiration, but other times both tests are done at once. The tests may be done on one side or sometimes on both sides of your body.</p><h2>Why do I need a bone marrow test?</h2><p>Bone marrow tests are done so that doctors can look at the types, shapes and sizes of the cells in your bone marrow. They can also look at the DNA inside the cells. This can help doctors figure out what type of cancer you have or whether cancer from another part of your body has spread (metastasized) to your bone marrow. This is really important for planning your treatment.</p><p>Remember: DNA is inside our cells and contains genes. DNA is like instructions for our cells that tell them what to do and how and when to do it. </p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Bone marrow</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Bone_marrow_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">The bigger bones of the body, like the pelvis, contain bone marrow. The bone marrow produces blood cells.</figcaption> </figure> <h2>How are bone marrow tests done?</h2><p>Bone marrow tests are usually done in either an operating room or a special treatment room. Most teenagers are given an anaesthetic so that you will not feel pain. Once the anaesthetic is working, the test will begin. It usually takes between 10 and 15 minutes to extract the bone marrow. </p><p>The doctor or nurse practitioner will ask you to lie on your side. You will need to lie very still. Then the doctor or nurse practitioner will uncover the lower part of your back and clean the skin (which might feel cold) over the area where they will do the test. </p><p>If you decide to stay awake for the procedure, you will have a local anaesthetic to numb the area. You may feel some pressure as they push the needle through the skin and into your iliac crest (the top of your hip bone, at the back). They may do both a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy at the same time. The bone marrow sample will be sent to a lab where a pathologist will look at it under a microscope. </p><h2>After a bone marrow test</h2><p>You will have a bandage covering the area where the needle went in. You might feel sore for a few days. If you are sore you can use medication for the pain. </p><p>You will probably have to wait one to two days for the results of the bone marrow aspiration test and up to one week for the bone marrow biopsy. </p>