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High-magnesium dietHHigh-magnesium dietHigh-magnesium diet for transplantEnglishTransplant;NephrologyTeen (13-18 years)KidneysRenal system/Urinary systemProcedures;Conditions and diseasesTeen (13-18 years)NA2017-11-30T05:00:00Z000Flat ContentHealth A-Z

 

 

High-magnesium diet2748.00000000000High-magnesium dietHigh-magnesium diet for transplantHEnglishTransplant;NephrologyTeen (13-18 years)KidneysRenal system/Urinary systemProcedures;Conditions and diseasesTeen (13-18 years)NA2017-11-30T05:00:00Z000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<figure> <img alt="Teen boy in grocery store" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/TTC_Trans_S2_8-9_PBR.jpg" /> </figure> <h2>What is magnesium?</h2><p>Magnesium is a mineral the body needs to function well. The best food sources of magnesium include legumes (such as beans and peas), green leafy vegetables, whole grains and seafood.</p><p>There are lots of food options out there to help you get the magnesium you need.</p><h2>High-magnesium food choices</h2><h3>Vegetables</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th colspan="2">Best choices</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Asparagus</td><td>Beet greens, beets</td></tr><tr><td>Green beans</td><td>Broccoli</td></tr><tr><td>Brussels sprouts</td><td>Carrot juice</td></tr><tr><td>Corn, sweet or yellow</td><td>Kale</td></tr><tr><td>Onion<br></td><td>Parsnip</td></tr><tr><td>Potato or sweet potato (baked with skin)</td><td>Pumpkin, squash</td></tr><tr><td>Spinach</td><td>Tomato paste, pasta sauce</td></tr><tr><td>Stewed tomatoes, tomato juice</td><td></td></tr></tbody></table><p></p><h3>Fruit</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Best choices</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Banana</td></tr><tr><td>Orange juice</td></tr><tr><td>Pineapple, pineapple juice</td></tr><tr><td>Prune juice, grape juice</td></tr><tr><td>Rhubarb</td></tr><tr><td>Tangerines, orange</td></tr><tr><td>Watermelon, cantaloupe, honeydew melon</td></tr></tbody></table><p></p><h3>Breads and cereals</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th colspan="2">Best choices</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Cream of wheat; oatmeal; whole grain cereal (brands include All Bran, Shredded Wheat, Mini-Wheats, Bran Flakes and Cheerios)</td><td>Whole wheat pasta</td></tr><tr><td>Muffins made with oat bran and corn</td><td>Whole wheat pasta​</td></tr><tr><td>Brown, white, long grain or wild rice</td><td>Waffles</td></tr><tr><td>Couscous</td><td>Rice cakes</td></tr><tr><td>Pancakes made with whole wheat flour</td><td>French toast</td></tr></tbody></table><p></p><h3>Milk and milk alternatives</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th colspan="2">Best choices</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Milk, skim, 2% or homo; buttermilk</td><td>Yogurt, plain, low-fat or fruit</td></tr><tr><td>Chocolate milk</td><td>Ricotta, cottage, Swiss or cheddar cheese</td></tr><tr><td>Soy milk</td><td>Chocolate or vanilla pudding; rice or tapioca pudding; ice cream</td></tr></tbody></table><h3>Meat and meat alternatives</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th colspan="2">Best choices</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Pork, beef, liver, ham</td><td>​Chickpeas</td></tr><tr><td>Turkey, chicken</td><td>Lentils, cooked tofu</td></tr><tr><td>Fish, including halibut, haddock, sole, tuna, salmon, sardines, trout or cod</td><td>Split peas</td></tr><tr><td>Shellfish such as crab and shrimp</td><td>Peanut butter</td></tr><tr><td>Beans, including soy, white, black, lima, navy, baked, kidney and pinto</td><td>Eggs</td></tr></tbody></table><p></p><h3>Snacks</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th colspan="2">Best choices</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Peanut butter on whole wheat bread with a glass of milk or soymilk</td><td>Grilled cheese on whole wheat bread</td></tr><tr><td>Rice cakes with peanut butter</td><td>Cheese with whole wheat crackers</td></tr><tr><td>Vegetables with hummus</td><td>Yogurt with fruit</td></tr><tr><td>Bean soup, lentil soup, split pea soup, tomato soup</td><td>Bran, corn, or banana muffin with cheese</td></tr><tr><td>Whole grain cereal with milk and banana slices</td><td>Ice cream with fruit</td></tr></tbody></table><p></p><h2>Cooking methods</h2><p>The amount of magnesium in a food when you eat it often depends on how the food has been cooked. Use the following cooking methods to keep as much magnesium as possible.</p><ul><li>Steaming: Steaming helps to keep nutrients within vegetables.</li><li>Boiling: Use just enough boiling water to cook evenly and completely without burning. Vegetables are more nutritious if they are cooked with their skins on.</li><li>Baking: Potato, sweet potato, squash and pumpkin are best when baked in the oven with skins on.</li><li>Fish and meat are best cooked using dry heat methods such as oven-baking, broiling or roasting.<br></li></ul>